Everything you need to know about the Evergrande saga

The Chinese company has become the most indebted in the world. Here’s what that means for the future of China — and the health of Western pockets

Youve likely heard financial whisperings, then rumours, and finally, massive tremors coming from the East over the past few months. And with good reason. China Evergrande now has the honour of being the most indebted property developer in the world with liabilities of over $300bn as of mid December. 

It doesnt look like its getting any better, either; the company had been due to repay interest on roughly $1.2bn of loans on Monday 13th, but by Wednesday 15th December the cash was yet to materialise.

Until recently, Evergande was a success story. The Shenzhen-based developer employs about 200,000 people and generates 3.8 million jobs a year. It currently claims to be working on over 1,300 projects across 280 Chinese cities from theme parks to electric vehicles and a $185 million football team, Guangzhou Evergrande. It was even due to build the worlds largest football stadium, a 100,000-seater appropriately shaped like a lotus flower. 

Things started going wrong when Evergrande missed interest payments on loans due to two of its largest creditors on 22 September leading to protestors demanding Evergrande return their money. Reportedly, this was not unexpected; Chinas Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development had met with banks the week previously to inform them that Evergrande would not be able to meet its obligations.

The crisis deepened and by the 8th of December Evergrande had missed the 30-day grace period deadline to pay coupons worth $41.9mn and $40.6mn. It then received a demand related to guarantees on $260mn of debt the following week.

With the company unable to repay what it owes which equal roughly 2 per cent of Chinas GDP its shares have plummeted by roughly 85 percent in 2021. At this point, liquidity, or at least Chinas biggest ever debt restructuring is all but inevitable. Writing for Luxuo, Joe Lim has called this The Biggest Real Estate Meltdown In China.

The risk of Evergrande is a market incident which will be properly handled in accordance with the principles of marketization and rule of law, and the rights and interests of creditors and investors will be protected in accordance with the law, Yi Gang, Chinas central bank governor said earlier this month. 

Previously, Beijing has led from the front in the wake of corporate disasters. In 2018 is took control of Anbang Insurance Group after detaining its chairman, who was later convicted of fraud. Then, in 2020, government officials took control of transportation and logistics conglomerate HNA and put it into administration after it could not pay its debts. In the case of Evergrande, however, it may be too big for the government to allow it to fail. In other words, the knock-on effect could be catastrophic. 

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